Liver Cancer Statistics | Did You Know?

Liver Cancer Statistics | Did You Know?


[Music] Did you know that the rate of
new diagnoses of primary liver cancer has increased
in recent decades?   Primary liver cancer
starts in liver cells. This is different from secondary
liver cancer, which is cancer that began in another
part of the body and then spread to the liver.   The highest rates of
primary liver cancer in the United States are found among
Asians and Pacific Islanders, followed closely by American Indians and Alaska natives, followed by Hispanics,
Blacks, and then Whites.   Chronic Hepatitis B and
Hepatitis C virus infections, heavy alcohol use, obesity,
diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are risk factors for liver cancer.   These conditions cause
cirrhosis, a condition in which liver tissue is
replaced by scar tissue. Over time, cirrhosis can
progress to liver cancer.   Baby boomers are five times
more likely to have a Hepatitis C virus
infection than other adults. That’s why the U.S. Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, recommends
that anyone born from 1945 through 1965 get
tested for this virus. Treatments are available for
Hepatitis C virus infections, but there are
currently no vaccines.   There is a vaccine against
Hepatitis B virus that has been successful in reducing
infections worldwide. CDC recommends that all
infants begin to receive the vaccine at birth, as well
as at-risk adults who have not been vaccinated.   If you have cirrhosis, chronic
Hepatitis B or C virus infections, non-alcoholic fatty
liver disease, or other risk factors, talk with your
doctor about liver cancer.   Liver cancer survival rates are
highest among persons diagnosed with localized stage disease,
or before the cancer has spread outside the liver. Survival rates are lower for
people with liver cancer that has spread to other
organs, as shown by the regional and distant columns. The 5-year relative survival
rate for all stages of liver cancer combined is between
16 and 17 percent.   This means that out of every
100 people diagnosed with liver cancer, 16 to
17 will still be alive 5 years after diagnosis. Because survival statistics are
based on large groups of people, they can not be used to
predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient.   To learn more about liver
cancer, go to cancer.gov/liver. For more statistics on
liver and other cancers, go to seer.cancer.gov. [Music]  

2 Replies to “Liver Cancer Statistics | Did You Know?”

  1. Here is NCI's information on liver cancer: http://www.cancer.gov/liver

    Find more cancer statistics from NCI's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program: http://www.seer.cancer.gov

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