How Do You Know If You Have Food Poisoning?

How Do You Know If You Have Food Poisoning?

[ ♪ Intro ] Most of us have experienced food poisoning… You know it’s like the vomiting and the
diarrhea. The gastrointestinal torment that can leave
you huddled miserably on the bathroom floor. But food poisoning, or foodborne illness,
isn’t just one thing. In fact, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control
names 31 unique species of bacteria, viruses, and parasites as common culprits, but there
are hundreds in total. And different microbes tend to contaminate
different foods, cause slightly different symptoms, and have different incubation periods:
the time between when you get infected and when you start feeling bad. So figuring out if you have food poisoning
and where you got it can be trickier than you might think. The number one cause of food poisoning in
the U.S. is norovirus, which causes around half the cases, according to the CDC. Viruses are minimalist microbes. They’re basically some genetic material
with a protein coat. So they can’t reproduce or do much on their
own at all, they need a host cell. And when you eat a norovirus-contaminated
salad, it finds plenty of hosts in your gut. When the virus finds an intestinal cell, it
tricks membrane receptors to get inside, and then hijacks the cell’s machinery to make
copies of itself. Eventually, those virus minions burst from
the infected cell to find more victims. And at the same time, your dead and damaged
cells release chemicals that trigger an inflammatory response in your body. Nearby blood vessels dilate and leak plasma
into the infected tissues, which kicks off the fight against the invaders. And more chemical signals are released to
attract specialized immune cells. This inflammatory response in your gut contributes
to some of the classic symptoms of food poisoning: diarrhea, vomiting, and sometimes a low fever. So just know that when you’re puking your
guts out, at least that’s your own immune system kicking some microbe butt. It’s been difficult to study norovirus because,
until recently, researchers haven’t been able to grow intestinal cell lines in the lab that it can infect and survive in. Before that, heroes among us have volunteered
to be infected with norovirus so scientists could better understand it. Now, they’re even testing a norovirus vaccine in humans! But even though norovirus is the leading cause
of food poisoning in the U.S., most cases of norovirus aren’t from food. It’s highly contagious, so infected people
or contaminated surfaces can spread it too. And it’s commonly called a stomach bug or
stomach flu, even though norovirus isn’t related to the influenza virus. So how do you know if you should blame your
Uncle Carl’s fruit salad for your upset stomach? Well, that takes some detective work. The simplest way is to try finding the source: did any other people who ate the fruit get sick around the same time you did? Or did you start puking after hanging out
with your buddy’s preschooler, who was a little under the weather? That’s basically how state health agencies
and the CDC approach food poisoning outbreaks too, just on a bigger scale. They have to try trace the source, so they
can stop the spread of a microbe. These agencies monitor reports of illness
from hospitals to look for weird spikes or clusters of foodborne illness. They’ll do DNA and RNA tests and perform
other analyses on poop samples from patients to determine what microbe they’re dealing with, from norovirus, to bacterial baddies you may recognize like Listeria, E. coli, and Salmonella. Then, they’ll interview patients to generate
and test hypotheses about where it came from. Like, if most of those patients ate the same
brand of alfalfa sprouts, they’d go swab that produce packaging facility to look for the microbe. When they do find the source, they try to
stop its spread. The state health agency may shut down a restaurant,
or the Food and Drug Administration may recall a product. But, obviously, it’s kind of hard for you
to do that level of investigation while you’re suffering by a toilet. It’s not like everyone can just run a molecular
analysis for norovirus. The good news is, for most healthy folks who
aren’t babies or old, food poisoning is a sucky illness, but you’ll get better on
your own. So it’s not super important to know what
kind of sick you are. The only way to really know what’s ailing
you is to go to a medical professional. Which is also advisable if you don’t get
better in a few days or if you get severely dehydrated from all that vomiting and diarrhea. So, like, if you’re worried, go to them
instead of watching me on youtube. I’m not a doctor. And you can be careful about what you eat
to try and avoid food poisoning altogether. Pay attention to those recalls on local news, and wash your hands so you don’t spread any nasty microbes! And if you’re preparing fruits and veggies
to eat raw, make sure you wash them. A thorough scrub is important even if you
don’t plan to eat the outside, because, for instance, cutting into a melon can transfer
microbes from the outer surface to that juicy middle. The FDA also recommends removing any bruised
or damaged parts, and the outermost leaves of lettuce or cabbage. Plus, thoroughly cook your food, especially
beef, poultry, and eggs. Because heat kills any bacteria that might
be on them. So next time your friend or family member
is taken down by food poisoning, you can share your fun facts with them… I’m sure they’ll be thrilled! But, seriously, if you want to learn more
about human health and nutrition, you can check out our sister channel Healthcare Triage
at [ ♪ Outro ]

100 Replies to “How Do You Know If You Have Food Poisoning?”

  1. It’s because I ate 3 potatoes not mashed 2 days in a row and it takes longer to chill a potato in your body than any other food

  2. I am a diabetic. I had a bug for an entire day. If i drank water, it came up. Well the day after i couldn't drink still nor could i get passed the "sick and tired" feeling. I figured i vomited and threw up alot so that was the cause of my sleeping. Nope!!! I ended up in the hospital in DKA about to fall into a coma. The first 2 or so days in the hospital are non existant to me. I remember some of the third and was in there for about a week. The bug left me so dehydrated that 200 or so blood sugar nearly killed me. Scary situation but i am now 2 days out of hospital and better.

  3. Guys i have a problem i eat some old food and next day i had diarrhea and i had to vomit when my stomach was full and i couldnt eat now i have blockade i cant go to toilet

  4. Food Poisoning is very common and the only way to combat it is prevention. Everyone must know the bacteria causing it and how to prevent food contamination. Kudos for this great educational video

  5. I’m here because I ate a burger and I pooped some green stuff and my stomach is hurting a little but now I don’t think I have it

  6. I like to scratch my nuts, then touch all the doorknobs in public buildings. If you've been to Los Angeles, you've touched my nut-scratchums. You're welcome germaphobes 😉 I'm kidding XD

  7. Me and my sister got food poisoning after eating a cosmic brownie and I will never eat any type of brownie again

  8. No more school food for me I've never felt this shitty in my life 😣😣😣😣 We had chicken today I WANNA dieeee

  9. God, this sucks a whole lot. I've never had it before yesterday, and it was one of the worst things I've ever experienced

  10. I would be really interested to know what would happen in the case that your immune system doesn’t kick in! Seems like in some cases our immune system is the source of all the pain 😂

  11. I’m scared cause I have cancer right now so if I get food poisoning I would have to go stay at the hospital

  12. Fortunately (or unfortunately), I can usually tell what caused it when it's something I ate. I'll start to feel sick, burp, and all it'll smell like is rotten eggs mixed with whatever caused it. Doesn't matter if I had anything in between or not.

  13. Top 5 things to cure food poisoning

    1: Saltine Crackers
    2: Sprite, or 7up I don’t care
    3: Gatorade
    4: Pepto Bismol
    5: Loaded Gun

  14. I can’t keep water down or Gatorade. If I don’t recover I’ll go to the doctor and have them hook me up to an IV drip.

  15. I got food poisoning from eating bologna chicken slices cold from my fridge. I got sick after that day and boy was it my greatest regret of my life, never again!

  16. I have testing at school and they gave us breakfast. I was REALLY hungry so I ate the breakfast bar and drank the juice which tasted a little funny but I didn’t think much of it. Fast forward to 2 hours later when that section of the test is over I start to feel nauseous but I didn’t throw up. Then once a I got home and took a nap I woke up suddenly and threw up my dinner all over the floor. I threw up the tea that my brother made me to feel better. Ever since yesterday I’ve been throwing up everything I ate. I have no idea if it’s food poisoning or not. Do any of you know what’s happening to me? (Sorry it’s so long)

  17. Welp, idk about you but I ate a burger from MC and vist 7 hospitals with overkill stomach ache. How are you?

  18. I didn’t puke my guts out, but I sure as hell did poo my guys out. Does that still mean I have food poisoning? (Sorry for the tmi guys)

  19. My food poisoning started out as my indigestion smelling eggy which is weird because I don't normal burp. I felt fine then a few hours later everything happened.
    I was ill for a few days.
    Think it was from Pumpkin seeds.
    Edit. I also had my period at the time and 2 days in to quitting cold turkey from cigarette.
    I lost weight n looked great afterwards tbh.

  20. Thing I learned recently – if you stop puking within 5 minutes after taking an antihistamine, it wasn’t food poisoning.

  21. Had it today & I actually wanted to die. My mom thought it was stomach bug and gave me No medicine so I was just suffering the whole day till someone told me I had food poisoning 🙁

  22. I ate at a mexican place for lunch a couple of weeks ago.. as soon as i got the bill i had a severe urge to go to the bathroom. I barely made to my truck . Then i had to go 2 blocks to my house the whole time im sqeezing my legs and buttox together . My adrenaline was increasing my strength and aided me as i leaned my body from side to side to get up 2 steps to my front door . It was like trying to hold back a 12 guage shotgun blast out my ass .

  23. I got a food poisoning this morning around 1:00 AM I had diarrhea first but I didn’t think much of it. Then I woke up with a horrible pain in my stomach. It wouldn’t go away until 6:00 PM! Then I started vomiting and my throat was swelling up, it was hard to breath. I don’t know what caused it because I haven’t been discovered with any food allergies yet.

  24. My friend and I were at a hotdog joint. I was in the bathroom when I saw a prep cook leave a stall and bathroom without washing his hands. I told my friend we should leave but he wanted to stay and have hotdogs. I said you don’t care about no feces on the preps hands eew that’s gross. My friend didn’t care talk about risk of food poisoning

  25. Wish I could get my dad to understand the hand washing thing. That man is so nasty when he gets sick and we dread him bringing any bug home. We will follow behind him with Lysol and usually end up with chapped hands due to our hand washing.

  26. If you're recovering from norovirus, please please PLEASE stay home until you stop having symptoms! If you're sick in a public restroom, those industrial toilets aerosolize it everywhere…

  27. Proceed to food trucks with caution. I'm in NY and I got it from one a few years ago. Turns out they had old ass meat.Now they do the restaurant grading on The trucks too . Which is good

  28. I was sick almost all last year and as recently as a week ago. I've been doctoring with the VA hospital and they cannot find the cause. It's an extremely painful experience.

  29. Unfortunately this video didn't explain how i can tell it I'm having food poisoning or any other problem. Misleading title

  30. And then you burp and smell what you last ate before the sickness broke out and can never eat that again. At least in my case.

  31. I once got it at a quinceanera from chicken alfredo. Never again. The music was super loud that we couldn't hear people next to us so I knocked back quite a few drinks. I knew it was bad the next morning when I had to use the bathroom, then two more people and myself again. Had breakfast and round three in the bathroom before WORK. Two hours and four more rounds before my boss came to check me and let me go home. She didn't believe me because I had a hangover as well.

  32. I ate jack in the box salad for dinner. I woke up the next day with hot and cold flashes, abdominal cramps, and vomiting. A lot. I didn’t have any diarrhea though. In fact, after 3 days I have only had abdominal cramps but I couldn’t eat anything but ginger ale and crackers for a while. I was worried how long it would take me to get over whatever I have, if it is food poisoning. So far I’ve been sick for 3 days. My school starts in 2 days and I don’t wanna miss my first day of school 😖

  33. Fun fact: The novovirus illness described here is actually food infection, not food poisoning (Which means the toxins released by breakdown of bacteria is making you sick).

  34. I always get a horrific headache from hell in my forehead to go with everything else..The pain is so bad it makes me feel like I'm going to die and then instantly goes away when I finally throw up

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